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Options for Treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, refers to a long-term disorder that causes recurring discomfort or pain in the tummy and irregular bowel habits. It may occur any time, but most folks first notice the symptoms at the age of 15 to 40. Irritable bowel syndrome afflicts more females than males and the symptoms are more severe in females as well.

Treating IBS

Although irritable bowel syndrome has got no cure, your doctor can relieve your symptoms with a mix of probiotics, medicines, diet, and psychological therapies. You may need to try several treatments to know what suits you best. You doctor might help you pick the best treatment program.
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Changes in eating, nutrition and diet
A Brief History of Options

Changes in diet, nutrition and eating, for example, trying the FODMAP diet may help relieve your symptoms.

Medicines

Your doctor can recommend medicine to ease your symptoms.

Fiber supplements can alleviate constipation when consuming more fiber doesn’t work.

Laxatives can treat constipation. Since laxatives work in many different ways, your physician may suggest the best laxative for you.

Loperamide can improve diarrhea symptoms by slowing stool movement through the large intestine. While loperamide can alleviate diarrhea in people suffering from IBS, it doesn’t ease pain, bloating, and other symptoms.

Antispasmodics, like pinaverium, cimetropium, and hyoscine help to control muscle spasms in the colon and ease pain in the abdomen.

Antidepressants, like small doses of selective serotonin inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants can relieve symptoms of IBS, including abdominal pain.

Lubiprostone (Amitiza) for those with IBS-C can ease constipation symptoms and abdominal discomfort or pain.

Coated peppermint oil tablets can relieve IBS symptoms.

When using medicine to treat irritable bowel syndrome, follow the instructions of your doctor. Also speak to your physician about the side effects that may occur, and what you should do if you experience them.

Probiotics

Your doctor can also suggest probiotics, which are tiny live organisms or microorganisms that may only be visible through the microscope. These tiny organisms, usually bacteria, are similar to those normally found in your GI tract.

Studies have shown that consuming adequate amount of probiotics, particularly certain probiotic combinations and bifidobacteria, can ease IBS symptoms.
Psychological therapies

Anxiety, stress, and depression may trigger irritable bowel symptoms, so controlling these issues might help.

There are a number of psychological therapies that may be used to treat IBS.

CBT, or cognitive behavioral therapy, involves determining and handling negative thought patterns by developing other methods of acting and thinking.

In hypnotherapy, the therapist guides the patient to get into a relaxed mode and relax their tummy muscles to relieve bloating and pain.

Counseling can be a vital part of treating stress, anxiety, depression and related symptoms.

Meditation/relaxation therapy may help alleviate stress.
Make sure to speak to your doctor so he/she can recommend the best IBS treatment for you.