Talking about child problems will not be exhausted, sometimes make parents confused and panicked. The wisest step is to understand every psychology that is shown in the child.
Understanding the psychology of early childhood development is a necessity both for parents and teachers, early childhood is an important time in the development of the child itself. In the golden age, children begin to be sensitive to various stimuli, each child individually will have different levels of sensitivity development as the development and growth of each child.
Know the developmental psychology of early childhood
Child development and growth are related because of the physical and motor development related to the development of psychic, therefore developmental psychology cannot be separated with the development and growth of the child as a whole.
In the golden age, a child will experience growth and development at a drastic level that includes the development of thinking, motor development, emotional development, social development and of course physical development. This period occurs at the age of 0 to 8 years and in the next period will not happen again the increase in the development. Therefore, every parent should pay special attention to the important age in the development of a child because it will affect the development and life of children in the future.
Understanding the psychology of early childhood development
Understanding that will greatly assist parents in supporting the growth and development of children as a whole, every child at an early age will experience development in some important aspects of his life. Including the following :
- Cognitive development
The cognitive development in early childhood occurs in four stages of motor sensor stage that occurs when the child ages 0-2 years, at this stage a child begins to have the ability reflex movement. The second stage is pre-operative that occurs at the age of 2-7 years. In this preoperative stage, children will begin to receive stimuli, but their nature is limited. Furthermore, the operational concrete phase that occurs at the age of 7-11 years where a child has started to think rationally and able to run a real operational. The last stage of cognitive development is a formal operation in which children are teenagers. At this stage, the child is able to think by using hypotheses to solve the problem.
- Physical development
Physical development of children at an early age associated with motor development that is divided in the development of fine motor and rough motor.
- Language development
There are three periods that occur in the development of a child’s language skills that is pre-lingual period that occurs at the age of 0-1 years where the child has started babbling, the lingual period at the age of 1-2.5 years where the child was able to make the sentence and the differentiation period occurs at the age of 2.5-5 years of age where an anal has a good language skills and true.
- Socio-emotional development
The development of the socio-emotional ability of children is very important in the psychology of early childhood development because in this development will form a sense of self-confidence and the development of independence in him.